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Class 7

Full Circle Manjeet Singh Mathematics Full Marks Pvt Ltd Class 7 Solution Chapter 1 Integers Exercise 1.4

Page 23 Exercise 1.4 Question 1 State True or False for each of the following statements: (i) For any two positive integers a and b, a + (—b) = (—a) ÷ b, where b ≠ 0 (ii) For any two positive integers a and b, (-a) + (-b) = a ÷ b, where b ≠ …

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Full Circle Manjeet Singh Mathematics Full Marks Pvt Ltd Class 7 Solution Chapter 1 Integers Exercise 1.3

Page 19 Exercise 1.3 Question 1 Fill in the blanks: (i) For any two positive integers a and b, a × (—b) = (—a) × b = ___ (ii) For any two positive integers a and b , (-a) × (-b) = ___ (iii) Product of three negative integers is a ___ integer (iv) Product …

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Full Circle Manjeet Singh Mathematics Full Marks Pvt Ltd Class 7 Solution Chapter 1 Integers Exercise 1.2

Page 14 Exercise 1.2 Question 1  Answer each of the following questions: (i) Does the order in which two integers are added make a difference ? (ii) When you are adding three integers together does it matter which two integers you add f‌irst? (ii) Does adding zero to or subtracting zero from a integer change …

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Full Circle Manjeet Singh Mathematics Full Marks Pvt Ltd Class 7 Solution Chapter 1 Integers Exercise 1.1

Page 11 Exercise 1.1 Question 1  Fill in the blanks: (i) 0 is ___ negative nor ___ (ii) The numbers -1 , -2 , -3 , -4 , -5 __ are called integers ___ integers . (iii) The numbers 1, 2, 3 4, 5 , __ are called __ integers . (iv) All negative integers are …

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NCERT solution class 7 english chapter 9 A Tiger in the House

Page No 60: Question 1: “He had the distinction of being the only member of the party to have bagged any game…” The phrase in italics means (i) Grandfather was the most distinguished member of the party. (ii) Grandfather was the only sportsperson in the party. (iii) Grandfather was the only successful member of the hunting …

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NCERT solution class 7 english chapter 6 I Want Something in a Cage

Page No 38: Question 1: Write ‘True’ or ‘False’ against each of following statements. (i) Mr Purcell sold birds, cats, dogs and monkeys. ________ (ii) He was very concerned about the well-being of the birds and animals in his shop. _________ (iii) He was impressed by the customer who bought the two doves. __________ (iv) …

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NCERT solution class 7 english chapter 1 The Tiny Teacher

Page No 3: Question 1: The story of an ant’s life sounds almost untrue. The italicised phrase means (i) highly exaggerated. (ii) to remarkable to be true. (iii) not based on facts. Answer: The italicised phrase means too remarkable to be true. Question 2: Complete the following sentences. (i) An ant is the smallest, _______________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ …

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NCERT solution class 7 english chapter 19 Garden Snake (Poem)

Page No 137: Question 1: Answer the following questions. (i) Pick out the line that suggests that the child is afraid of snakes. (ii) Which line shows a complete change of the child’s attitude towards snakes? Read it aloud. (iii) “But mother says that kind is good…” What is mother referring to? Answer: (i) The line …

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NCERT solution class 7 english chapter 18 Meadow Surprises (Poem)

Page No 124: Question 1: Read the lines in which the following phrases occur. Then discuss with your partner the meaning of each phrase in its context. (i) Velvet grass (ii) Drinking straws (iii) Meadow houses (iv) Amazing mound (v) Fuzzy head Answer: (i) ‘Velvet grass’ refers to the soft grass of the meadows. (ii) ‘Drinking straws’ …

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NCERT solution class 7 english chapter 16 Mystery of the Talking Fan (Poem)

Page No 97: Question 1: Fans don’t talk, but it is possible to imagine that they do. What is it, then, that sounds like the fan’s chatter? Answer: The fan’s chatter is actually electrical. It makes sound when something is stuck in its motor. Page No 98: Question 2: Complete the following sentences. (i) The …

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NCERT solution class 7 english chapter 15 Trees (Poem)

Page No 84: Question 1: What are the games or human activities which use trees, or in which trees also ‘participate’? Answer: The human activities in which trees also participate are making tree houses, swinging on swings, hiding behind trees while playing ‘Hide and Seek’, having tea parties under them, making cool shades in summers, …

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NCERT solution class 7 english chapter 10 The Story of Cricket

Page No 143: Question 1: Cricket is originally a/an (i) Indian game. (ii) British game. (iii) international game. Mark the right answer. Answer: Cricket is originally a British game. Question 2: “There is a historical reason behind both these oddities.” In the preceding two paragraphs, find two words/phrases that mean the same as ‘oddities’. Answer: …

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NCERT solution class 7 english chapter 7 The Invention of Vita-Wonk

Page No 101: Question 1: Choose the right answer. (i) Mr Willy Wonka is (a) a cook, (b) an inventor, (c) a manager. (ii) Wonka-Vite makes people (a) older, (b) younger. (iii) Mr Wonka wants to invent a new thing which will make people (a) younger, (b) older. Answer: (i) Mr Willy Wonka is an inventor. (ii) Wonka-Vite …

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NCERT solution class 7 english chapter 4 The Ashes that Made Trees Bloom

Page No 60: Question 1: Why did the neighbours kill the dog? Answer: The neighbours dragged the dog around their garden to find a treasure for themselves. When the dog stopped near a pine tree and started scratching the ground, they dug happily hoping to find a treasure. When they saw that there was nothing …

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NCERT solution class 7 Social Science chapter 10 Life in the Deserts

Page No 76: Question 1: Answer the following questions. (a) What are the two types of deserts found in the world? (b) In which continent is the Sahara desert located? (c) What are the climatic conditions of the Ladakh desert? (d) What mainly attracts tourists to Ladakh? (e) What type of clothes the people of …

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NCERT solution class 7 Social Science chapter 9 Life in the Temperate Grasslands

Page No 70: Question 1: Answer the following questions. (i) What are the temperate grasslands of North America called? (ii) What are the cattle farms in the North American grasslands known as? (iii) Name the rivers that drain the Velds. (iv) When is the rainy season in the Velds? (v) What is the major occupation …

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NCERT solution class 7 Social Science chapter 8 Human Environment Interactions – The Tropical and the Subtropical Region

Page No 63: Question 1: Answer the following questions. (i) Name the continent in which the Amazon basin is located. (ii) What are the crops grown by the people of the Amazon basin? (iii) Name the birds that you are likely to find in the rainforests of the Amazon. (iv) What are the major cities …

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NCERT solution class 7 Social Science chapter 7 Human Environment – Settlement, Transport and Communication

Page No 54: Question 1: Answer the following questions. (i) What are the four means of transport? (ii) What do you understand by the term ‘settlement’? (iii) Which are the activities practised by the rural people? (iv) Mention any two merits of railways. (v) What do you understand by communication? (vi) What is mass media? …

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NCERT solution class 7 Social Science chapter 6 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife

Page No 45: Question 1: Answer the following questions. (i) Which are the two factors on which the growth of vegetation mostly depends? (ii) Which are the three broad categories of natural vegetation? (iii) Name the two hardwood trees commonly found in tropical evergreen forest. (iv) In which part of the world are tropical deciduous …

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NCERT solution class 7 Social Science chapter 3 Our Changing Earth

Page No 17: Question 1: Answer the following questions. (i) Why do the plates move? (ii) What are exogenic and endogenic forces? (iii) What is erosion? (iv) How are flood plains formed? (v) What are sand dunes? (vi) How are beaches formed? (vii) What are ox-bow lakes? Answer: (i) The Lithospheric plates move around because of …

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NCERT solution class 7 Social Science chapter 1 Environment

Page No 6: Question 1: Answer the following questions. (i) What is an ecosystem? (ii) What do you mean by natural environment? (iii) Which are the major components of environment? (iv) Give four examples of human-made environment. (v) What is lithosphere? (vi) Which are the two major components of biotic environment? (vii) What is biosphere? …

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NCERT solution class 7 Social Science chapter 7 Understanding Advertising

Page No 91: Question 1: What do you understand by the word brand? List two reasons why building brands is central to advertising? Answer: By ‘brand’ we mean that a particular product is marked with a name and logo which differentiate it from other products in the market. Building a brand is central to advertising …

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NCERT solution class 7 Social Science chapter 5 Women Change the World

Page No 67: Question 1: How do you think stereotypes, about what women can or cannot do, affect women’s right to equality? Answer: Stereotypes, about what women can or cannot do affect women’s right to equality by forcing the society to give them certain roles and not allow others. This is unequal treatment because the …

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NCERT solution class 7 Social Science chapter 4 Growing Up as Boys and Girls

Page No 53: Question 1: Are the statements given alongside true or false? Support your answer with the use of an example− (a) All societies do not think similarly about the roles that boys and girls play. (b) Our society does not make distinctions between boys and girls when they are growing up. (c) Women …

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NCERT solution class 7 Social Science chapter 3 How the State Government Works

Page No 41: Question 1: Use the terms ‘constituency’ and ‘represent’ to explain who an MLA and how is the person elected? Answer: An MLA is a member of the Legislative Assembly. They are elected by the people of their constituency. The MLAs represent the people in their constituency in the Legislative Assembly. Question 2: …

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NCERT solution class 7 Social Science chapter 2 Role of the Government in Health

Page No 29: Question 1: In this chapter you have read that health is a wider concept than illness. Look at this quote from the Constitution and explain the terms ‘living standard’ and ‘public health’ in your own words. An important part of Constitution says it is the “duty of the State to raise the …

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NCERT solution class 7 Social Science chapter 1 On Equality

Page No 15: Question 1: In a democracy why is universal adult franchise important? Answer: Universal adult franchise is important in a democracy because it is based on the idea of equality. The citizens are assured that everyone has one vote irrespective of their gender or socio-economic status. Question 2: Re-read the box on Article …

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NCERT solution class 7 Social Science chapter 10 Eighteenth-Century Political Formations

Page No 153: Question 1: Subadar a revenue farmer Faujdar a high noble Ijaradar provincial governor Misl Maratha peasant warriors Chauth a Mughal military commander Kunbis a band of Sikh warriors Umara tax levied by the Marathas Answer: Subadar Provincial governor Faujdar A Mughal military commander Ijaradar A revenue farmer Misl A band of Sikh …

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NCERT solution class 7 Social Science chapter 9 The Making of Regional Cultures

Page No 136: Question 1: Match the following: Anantavarman Kerala Jagannatha Bengal Mahodayapuram Orissa Lilatilakam Kangra Mangalakavya Puri Miniature Kerala Answer: Anantavarman Orissa Jagannatha Puri Mahodayapuram Kerala Lilatilakam Kerala Mangalakavya Bengal Miniature Kangra Question 2: What is Manipravalam? Name a book written in that language. Answer: Manipravalam was a language consisting of Sanskrit and the …

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NCERT solution class 7 Social Science chapter 8 Devotional Paths to the Divine

Page No 120: Question 1: Match the following: The Buddha namghar Shankaradeva worship of Vishnu Nizamuddin Auliya questioned social differences Nayanars Sufi saint Alvars worship of Shiva Answer: The Buddha questioned social differences Shankaradeva namghar Nizamuddin Auliya Sufi saint Nayanars worship of Shiva Alvars worship of Vishnu Question 2: (a) Shankara was an advocate of __________. …

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NCERT solution class 7 Social Science chapter 7 Tribes, Nomads and Settled Communities

Page No 101: Question 1: Match the following: garh khel tanda chaurasi labourer caravan clan Garha Katanga Sib Singh Ahom state Durgawati paik Answer: garh chaurasi tanda caravan labourer paik clan Khel Sib Singh Ahom state Durgawati Garha Katanga Page No 102: Question 2: Fill in the blanks: (a) The new castes emerging within varnas were called …

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NCERT solution class 7 Social Science chapter 6 Towns, Traders and Craftpersons

Page No 89: Question 1: Fill in the blanks: (a) The Rajarajeshvara temple was built in ____________. (b) Ajmer is associated with the Sufi saint ____________. (c) Hampi was the capital of the ____________ Empire. (d) The Dutch established a settlement at ___________ in Andhra Pradesh. Answer: (a) The Rajarajeshvara temple was built in _1010 A.D._. …

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NCERT solution class 7 Social Science chapter 5 Rulers and Buildings

Page No 73: Question 1: How is the “trabeate” principle of architecture different from the “arcuate”? Answer: In the ‘trabeate’ style of architecture a horizontal beam was placed across two vertical columns. In the ‘arcuate’ style arches are utilized. Question 2: What is a shikhara? Answer: A shikhara is a tower-like structure on top of a temple. Question …

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NCERT solution class 7 Social Science chapter 4 The Mughal Empire

Page No 57: Question 1: Match the following: Mansab Marwar Mongol Governor Sisodia Rajput Uzbeg Rathor Rajput Mewar Nur Jahan Rank Subadar Jahangir Answer: Mansab Rank Mongol Uzbek Sisodia Rajput Mewar Rathor Rajput Marwar Nur Jahan Jahangir Subadar Governor Page No 58: Question 2: Fill in the blanks: (a) The capital of Mirza Hakim, Akbar’s …

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NCERT solution class 7 Social Science chapter 3 The Delhi Sultans

Page No 43: Question 1: Which ruler first established his or her capital at Delhi? Answer: Ananga Pala of the Tomara dynasty first established his capital at Delhi. Question 2: What was the language of administration under the Delhi Sultans? Answer: Persian was the language of administration under the Delhi Sultans. Question 3: In whose …

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NCERT solution class 7 Social Science chapter 2 New Kings and Kingdoms

Page No 28: Question 1: Match the following: Gurjara-Pratiharas Western Deccan Rashtrakutas Bengal Palas Gujarat and Rajasthan Cholas Tamil Nadu Answer: Gurjara-Pratiharas Gujarat and Rajasthan Rashtrakutas Western Deccan Palas Bengal Cholas Tamil Nadu Question 2: Who were the parties involved in the “tripartite struggle”? Answer: The parties involved in the “tripartite struggle” were the Gurjara-Pratiharas, …

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NCERT solution class 7 Social Science chapter 1 Tracing Changes Through a Thousand Years

Page No 14: Question 1: Who was considered a “foreigner” in the past? Answer: In the past a foreigner was someone who was not part of a certain society or culture. A city dweller might have regarded a forest dweller as a foreigner. Question 2: State whether true or false: (a) We do not find …

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NCERT solution class 7 science chapter 18 Wastewater Story

Page No 228: Question 1: Fill in the blanks: (a) Cleaning of water is a process of removing _______. (b) Wastewater released by houses is called ________. (c) Dried _______ is used as manure. (d) Drains get blocked by ________ and ________. Answer: (a) Cleaning of water is a process of removing __pollutants__. (b) Wastewater released by houses is called __sewage__. (c) Dried __sludge__ is used …

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NCERT solution class 7 science chapter 17 Forests: Our Lifeline

Page No 217: Question 1: Explain how animals dwelling in the forest help it grow and regenerate. Answer: The animals in forests are of various types. These could be herbivores, carnivores, micro-organisms, etc. These play an important role in maintaining the food chains. (i) Micro-organisms convert the dead plants and animals to humus. This humus …

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NCERT solution class 7 science chapter 14 Electric Current and its Effects

Page No 170: Question 1: Draw in your notebook the symbols to represent the following components of electrical circuits: connecting wires, switch in the ‘OFF’ position, bulb, cell, switch in the ‘ON’ position, and battery. Answer: Component of electrical circuit Symbol Connecting wires Switch in the ‘OFF’ position Bulb Cell Switch in the ‘ON’ position …

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NCERT solution class 7 science chapter 12 Reproduction in Plants

Page No 141: Question 1: Fill in the blanks: (a) Production of new individuals from the vegetative part of parent is called ________. (b) A flower may have either male or female reproductive parts. Such a flower is called _________. (c) The transfer of pollen grains from the anther to the stigma of the same or of …

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NCERT solution class 7 science chapter 11 Transportation in Animals and Plants

Page No 131: Question 1: Match structures given in Column I with functions given in Column II. Column I Column II (i) Stomata (a) Absorption of water (ii) Xylem (b) Transpiration (iii) Root hairs (c) Transport of food (iv) Phloem (d) Transport of water (e) Synthesis of carbohydrates Answer: Column I Column II (i) Stomata (b) Transpiration (ii) …

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NCERT solution class 7 science chapter 10 Respiration in Organisms

Page No 118: Question 1: Why does an athlete breathe faster and deeper than usual after finishing the race? Answer: Anathlete needs to supply extra energy to his muscle cells which have worked hard during running. For this, he breathes faster and deeper so that more oxygen is supplied to the cells. This speeds up …

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NCERT solution class 7 science chapter 8 Winds, Storms and Cyclones

Page No 92: Question 1: Fill the missing word in the blank spaces in the following statements: (a) Wind is ________ air. (b) Winds are generated due to ________ heating on the earth. (c) Near the earth’s surface __warm__ air rises up whereas _______ air comes down. (d) Air moves from a region of __________ pressure to a region of ________ pressure. Answer: (a) Wind is __moving__ air. …

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NCERT solution class 7 science chapter 7 Weather, Climate and Adaptations of Animals to Climate

Page No 77: Question 1: Name the elements that determine the weather of a place. Answer: The elements that determine the weather of a place are temperature, humidity, rainfall, and wind speed. Question 2: When are the maximum and minimum temperatures likely to occur during the day? Answer: The maximum temperature of the day occurs …

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NCERT solution class 7 science chapter 6 Physical and Chemical Changes

Page No 65: Question 1: Classify the changes involved in the following processes as physical or chemical changes: (a) Photosynthesis (b) Dissolving sugar in water (c) Burning of coal (d) Melting of wax (e) Beating aluminium to make aluminium foil (f) Digestion of food Answer: (a) Photosynthesis → Chemical change (b) Dissolving sugar in water …

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NCERT solution class 7 science chapter 4 Heat

Page No 45: Question 1: State similarities and differences between the laboratory thermometer and the clinical thermometer. Answer: Similarities: (i) Both clinical and laboratory thermometers have long, narrow, uniform glass tubes. (ii) The bulbs of both the thermometers have mercury in them. Differences: (i) The temperature range of clinical thermometers is from 35°C to 42°C …

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NCERT solution class 7 science chapter 2 Nutrition in Animals

Page No 20: Question 1: Fill in the blanks: (a) The main steps of nutrition in humans are __________, __________, ___________, __________ and __________ (b) The largest gland in the human body is __________. (c) The stomach releases hydrochloric acid and ________ juices which act on food. (d) The inner wall of the small intestine has many finger-like outgrowths called __________. (e) Amoeba digests its food in …

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NCERT solution class 7 science chapter 1 Nutrition in Plants

Page No 9: Question 1: Why do organisms need to take food? Answer: All living organisms require food to survive. It gives them energy to perform various activities. All activities such as playing, running, walking, studying, etc. require energy. The various components present in our food such as carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals provide …

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NCERT solution class 7 sanskrit chapter 15 लालनगीतम

Page No 83: Question 1: गीतं सस्वरं गायत। Answer: दिए गए गीत को स्वर में गाइए। Question 2: एकपदेन उत्तरत- (क) का विहसति? (ख) किम् विकसति? (ग) व्याघ्रः कुत्र गर्जति? (घ) हरिणः किं खादति? (ङ) मन्दं कः गच्छति? Answer: (क) धरणी विहसति। (ख) कमलम् विकसति। (ग) व्याघ्रः विपिने गर्जति। (घ) हरिणः नवघासम् खादति। (ङ) मन्दं …

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NCERT solution class 7 sanskrit chapter 14 अनारिकायाः जिज्ञासा

Page No 78: Question 1: उच्चारणं कुरुत- मन्त्री निर्माणम् भ्रात्रा कर्मकराः जिज्ञासा पित्रे भ्रातृणाम् उद्घाटनार्थम् पितृभ्याम् नेतरि अपृच्छत् चिन्तयति Answer: विद्यार्थी इसका स्वयं उच्चारणं करें। Question 2: अधोलिखितानां प्रश्नानां एकपदेन उत्तराणि लिखत- (क) कस्याः महती जिज्ञासा वर्तते? (ख) मन्त्री किमर्थम् आगच्छति? (ग) सेतोः निर्माणं के अकुर्वन्? (घ) सेतोः निर्माणाय कर्मकराः प्रस्तराणि कुतः आनयन्ति? (ङ) के …

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NCERT solution class 7 sanskrit chapter 13 अमृतं संस्कृतम

Page No 72: Question 1: उच्चारणं कुरुत-   उपलब्धासु सङ्गणकस्य चिकित्साशास्त्रम् वैशिष्ट्यम् भूगोलशास्त्रम् वाङ्मये विद्यमानाः अर्थशास्त्रम् Answer: विद्यार्थी इसका स्वयं उच्चारणं करें। Question 2: प्रश्नानाम् एकपदेन उत्तराणि लिखत- (क) का भाषा प्राचीनतमा? (ख) शून्यस्य प्रतिपादनं कः अकरोत्? (ग) कौटिल्येन रचितं शास्त्रं किम्? (घ) कस्याः भाषायाः काव्यसौन्दर्यम् अनुपमम्? (ङ) काः अभ्युदयाय प्रेरयन्ति Answer: (क) संस्कृत भाषा …

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NCERT solution class 7 sanskrit chapter 12 विद्याधनम्

Page No 67: Question 1: उपयुक्तकथनानां समक्षम् ‘आम्’, अनुपयुक्तकथनानां समक्षं ‘न’ इति लिखत- (क) विद्या राजसु पूज्यते। (ख) वाग्भूषणं भूषणं न। (ग) विद्याधनं सर्वधनेषु प्रधानम्। (घ) विदेशगमने विद्या बन्धुजनः न भवति।। (ङ) सर्वं विहाय विद्याधिकारं कुरु। Answer: (क) विद्या राजसु पूज्यते। आम् (ख) वाग्भूषणं भूषणं न। न (ग) विद्याधनं सर्वधनेषु प्रधानम्। आम् (घ) विदेशगमने विद्या …

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NCERT solution class 7 sanskrit chapter 11 समवायो हि दुर्जयः

Page No 62: Question 1: प्रश्नानाम् उत्तराणि एकपदेन लिखत- (क) वृक्षे का प्रतिवसति स्म? (ख) वृक्षस्य अधः कः आगतः? (ग) गजः केन शाखाम् अत्रोटयत्? (घ) काष्ठकूटः चटकां कस्याः समीपम् अनयत्? (ङ) मक्षिकायाः मित्रं कः आसीत्? Answer: (क) वृक्षे चटका प्रतिवसति स्म। (ख) वृक्षस्य अधः प्रमत्तः गजः आगतः। (ग) गजः शुण्डेन शाखाम् अत्रोटयत्। (घ) काष्ठकूटः चटकां …

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NCERT solution class 7 sanskrit chapter 10 विश्वबन्धुत्वम्

Page No 56: Question 1: उच्चारणं कुरुत- दुर्भिक्षे राष्ट्रविप्लवे विश्वबन्धुत्वम् विश्वसन्ति उपेक्षाभावाम् विद्वेषस्य ध्यातव्यम् दुःखभाक् प्रदर्शयन्ति Answer: विद्यार्थी इसका उच्चारण करें। Question 2: मञ्जूषातः समानार्थकपदानि चित्वा लिखत- परस्य दुःखम् आत्मानम् बाधितः परिवारः सम्पन्नम् त्यक्त्वा सम्पूर्णे स्वकीयम् ……………………… अवरुद्धः ……………………… कुटुम्बकम् ……………………… अन्यस्य ……………………… अपहाय ……………………… समृद्धम् ……………………… कष्टम् ……………………… निखिले ……………………… Answer: स्वकीयम् आत्मानम् अवरुद्धः …

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NCERT solution class 7 sanskrit chapter 9 अहमपि विद्यालयं गमिष्यामि

Question 1 उच्चारण कुरुत– अग्रिमदिने, षड्वादने, अष्टर्षदेशीया, अनुगृह्णातु, भवत्सदृशानाम्, गृह्सज्वालनाय, व्यवस्थायै, महार्घताकाले, अद्यैवास्या:, करतलवादसहितम्! Solution 1 स्वयं अभ्यास करे Question 2 एकपदेन उत्तराणि लिखत– (क) गिरिजाया: गृहसेविकाया: नाम किमासीत्? (ख) दर्शनाया: पुत्री कति वर्षीया आसीत्? (ग) अद्घत्वे शिक्षा अस्माकं कीदृश: अधिकार:? (घ) दर्शनाया: पुत्री कथं नृत्यति? Solution 2 (क) दर्शना (ख) अष्टवर्षीया (ग) मौलिकः (घ) …

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NCERT solution class 7 sanskrit chapter 8  त्रिवर्णः

Page No 47: Question 1: शुद्धकथनस्य समक्षम् ‘आम्’ अशुद्धकथनस्य समक्षं ‘न’ इति लिखत- (क) अस्माकं राष्ट्रस्य ध्वजे त्रयः वर्णाः सन्ति। (ख) ध्वजे हरितवर्णः शान्तेः प्रतीकः अस्ति। (ग) ध्वजे केशरवर्णः शक्त्याः सूचकः अस्ति। (घ) चक्रे त्रिंशत् अराः सन्ति (ङ) चक्रं प्रगतेः द्योतकम्। Answer: (क) अस्माकं राष्ट्रस्य ध्वजे त्रयः वर्णाः सन्ति। आम् (ख) ध्वजे हरितवर्णः शान्तेः प्रतीकः …

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NCERT solution class 7 sanskrit chapter 7 सङ्कल्प: सिंद्धिदायक:

Page No 41: Question 1: उच्चारणं कुरुत- अभवत् अकथयत् अगच्छत् न्यवेदयत् अपूजयत् स्वपिति तपति प्राविशत् अवदत् वदति स्म वसति स्म रक्षति स्म वदति चरति स्म करोति स्म गच्छति स्म अकरोत् पठति स्म Answer: विद्यार्थी इसका उच्चारण स्वयं करें। Question 2: उदाहरणम् अनुसृत्य रिक्तस्थानानि पूरयत-     (क)   एकवचनम् द्विवचनम् बहुवचनम् यथा- वसति स्म वसतः स्म वसन्ति स्म …

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NCERT solution class 7 sanskrit chapter 6 सदाचार

Page No 32: Question 1: सर्वान् श्लोकान् सस्वरं गायत। Answer: विद्यार्थी इन श्लोकों को स्वयं गाएँ। Question 2: उपयुक्तथनानां समक्षम् ‘आम्’ अनुपयुक्तकथनानां समक्षं ‘न’ इति लिखत (क) प्रातः काले ईश्वरं स्मरेत्। (ख) अनृतं ब्रूयात। (ग) मनसा श्रेष्ठजनं सेवेत। (घ) मित्रेण कलहं कृत्वा जनः सुखी भवति। (ङ) श्वः कार्यम् अद्य कुर्वीत। Answer: (क) प्रातः काले ईश्वरं …

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NCERT solution class 7 sanskrit chapter 5 पण्डिता रमाबाइ

Page No 28: Question 1: एकपदेन उत्तरत- (क) ‘पण्डिता’ ‘सरस्वती’ इति उपाधिभ्यां का विभूषिता? (ख) रमा कुतः संस्कृतशिक्षां प्राप्तवती? (ग) रमाबाई केन सह विवाहम् अकरोत्? (घ) कासां शिक्षायै रमाबाई स्वकीयं जीवनम् अर्पितवती? (ङ) रमाबाई उच्चशिक्षार्थं कुत्र आगच्छत्? Answer: (क) ‘पण्डिता’ ‘सरस्वती’ इति उपाधिभ्यां पंडिता रमाबाई विभूषिता। (ख) रमा स्वमातुः संस्कृतशिक्षां प्राप्तवती। (ग) रमाबाई विपिनबिहारीदासेन सह …

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NCERT solution class 7 sanskrit chapter 4 हास्यबालकविसम्मेलनम्

Page No 21: Question 1: उच्चारणं कुरुत- उपरि अधः उच्चैः नीचैः बहिः अलम् कदापि अन्तः पुनः कुत्र कदा एकदा Answer: विद्यार्थी इसका उच्चारण स्वयं करें। Page No 22: Question 2: मञ्जूषातः अव्ययपदानि चित्वा वाक्यानि पूरयत- अलम् अन्तः बहिः अधः उपरि (क) वृक्षस्य ……………………. खगाः वसन्ति। (ख) ……………………. विवादेन। (ग) वर्षाकाले गृहात् ………………… मा गच्छ। (घ) …

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NCERT solution class 7 sanskrit chapter 3 स्वावलम्बबम्‌

Page No 14: Question 1: उच्चारणं कुरुत। विंशतिः त्रिंशत् चत्वारिंशत् द्वाविंशतिः द्वात्रिंशत् द्विचत्वारिंशत् चतुर्विंशतिः त्रयस्त्रिंशत् त्रयश्चत्वारिंशत् पञ्चविंशतिः चुतस्त्रिंशत् चतुश्चत्वारिंश्त अष्टाविंशतिः अष्टात्रिंशत् सप्तचत्वारिंशत् नवविंशतिः नवत्रिंशत् पञ्चाशत् Answer: विद्यार्थी इसका उच्चारण स्वयं करें। Question 2: अधोलिखितानां प्रश्नानामुत्तराणि लिखत- (क) कस्य भवने सर्वविधानि सुखसाधनानि आसन्? (ख) कस्य गृहे कोऽपि भृत्यः नास्ति? (ग) श्रीकण्ठस्य आतिथ्यम् के अकुर्वन्? (घ) सर्वदा …

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NCERT solution class 7 sanskrit chapter 2 दुर्बुद्धि: विनश्यति

Page No 9: Question 1: उच्चारणं कुरुत। फुल्लोत्पलम् अवलम्ब्य पक्त्वा कम्बुग्रीवः आवाभ्याम् भक्षयिष्यामि उक्तवान् ह्रदम् सुहृदाम् भवद्भ्याम् उड्डीयते भ्रष्टः Answer: विद्यार्थी इसका उच्चारण स्वयं करें। Question 2: एकपदेन उत्तरत- (क) कूर्मस्य किं नाम आसीत्? (ख) सरस्तीरे के आगच्छन्? (ग) कूर्मः केन मार्गेण अन्यत्र गन्तुम् इच्छति? (घ) लम्बमानं कूर्मं दृष्ट्वा के अधावन्? Answer: (क) कूर्मस्य कम्बुग्रीवः …

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NCERT solution class 7 sanskrit chapter 1 सुभाषितानि

Page No 3: Question 1: सर्वान् श्लोकान् सस्वरं गायत। Answer: विद्यार्थी इसे स्वयं गाएँ। Question 2: यथायोग्यं श्लोकांशान्‌ मेलयत-          क             ख धनधान्यप्रयोगेषु नासद्भिः किञ्चिदाचरेत्। विस्मयो न हि कर्त्तव्यः त्यक्तलज्जः सुखी भवेत्। सत्येन धार्यते पृथ्वी बहुरत्ना वसुन्धरा। सद्भिर्विवादं मैत्रीं च विद्यायाः संग्रहेषु च। आहारे व्यवहारे च सत्येन तपते रविः। Answer:          क             ख …

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NCERT solution class 7 chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals 2.3 mathematics

EXERCISE 2.3 Page No 41: Question 1: Find: (i) of (a)  (b)  (c)  (ii) of (a)  (b)  (c)  Answer: (i) (a)  (b)  (c)  (ii) (a)  (b)  (c)  Page No 42: Question 2: Multiply and reduce to lowest form (if possible): (i)  (ii)  (iii)  (iv)  (v)  (vi)  (vii)  Answer: (i)   (ii)  (iii)  (iv)  (v)  (vi)  (vii)  Question 3: Multiply the following fractions: (i)  (ii)  (iii)  (iv)  (v)  (vi)  (vii)  Answer: …

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NCERT solution class 7 chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals 2.2 mathematics

EXERCISE 2.2 Page No 36: Question 1: Which of the drawings (a) to (d) show: (i)  (ii)  (iii)  (iv)  (a) (b) (c) (d) Answer: (i)  represents addition of 2 figures, each representing 1 shaded part out of 5 equal parts. Hence,  is represented by (d). (ii)  represents addition of 2 figures, each representing 1 shaded part out of 2 equal parts. …

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NCERT solution class 7 chapter 4 Simple equations 4.3 mathematics

EXERCISE 4.3 Page No 89: Question 1: Solve the following equations. (a)  (b) 5t + 28 = 10 (c)  (d)  (e)  (f)  (g)  (h) 6z + 10 = − 2 (i)  (j)  Answer: (a)   (Transposing to R.H.S.) Dividing both sides by 2, (b) 5t + 28 = 10 5t = 10 − 28 = −18 (Transposing 28 to R.H.S.) Dividing both sides by 5, …

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NCERT solution class 7 chapter 15 Visualising solid shapes 15.4 mathematics

EXERCISE 15.4 Page No 289: Question 1: A bulb is kept burning just right above the following solids. Name the shape of the shadows obtained in each case. Attempt to give a rough sketch of the shadow. (You may try to experiment first and then answer these questions). Answer: The shapes of the shadows of …

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NCERT solution class 7 chapter 14 Symmetry 14.3 mathematics

EXERCISE 14.3 Page No 275: Question 1: Name any two figures that have both line symmetry and rotational symmetry. Answer: Equilateral triangle and regular hexagon have both line of symmetry and rotational symmetry. Question 2: Draw, wherever possible, a rough sketch of (i) a triangle with both line and rotational symmetries of order more than …

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NCERT solution class 7 chapter 13 Exponents and powers 13.2 mathematics

EXERCISE 13.2 Page No 260: Question 1: Using laws of exponents, simplify and write the answer in exponential form: (i) 32 × 34 × 38 (ii) 615 ÷ 610 (iii) a3 × a2 (iv) 7x× 72 (v)  (vi) 25 × 55 (vii) a4 × b4 (viii) (34)3 (ix)  (x) 8t ÷ 82 Answer: (i) 32 × 34 × 38 = (3)2 + 4 + 8 (am × an = am+n) = 314 (ii) 615 ÷ 610 = (6)15 − 10 (am ÷ an = am−n) = 65 …

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NCERT solution class 7 chapter 12 Algebraic expressions 12.4 mathematics

EXERCISE 12.4 Page No 246: Question 1: Observe the patterns of digits made from line segments of equal length. You will find such segmented digits on the display of electronic watches or calculators. (a) (b) (c) If the number of digits formed is taken to be n, the number of segments required to form n digits is given by …

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NCERT solution class 7 chapter 12 Algebraic expressions 12.1 mathematics

EXERCISE 12.1 Page No 234: Question 1: Get the algebraicexpressions in the following cases using variables, constants and arithmetic operations. (i) Subtraction of z from y. (ii) One-half of the sum of numbers x and y. (iii) The number z multiplied by itself. (iv) One-fourth of the product of numbers p and q. (v) Numbers x and y both squared and added. (vi) Number 5 added to three times the …

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NCERT solution class 7 chapter 12 Algebraic expressions 12.2 mathematics

EXERCISE 12.2 Page No 239: Question 1: Simplify combining like terms: (i) 21b − 32 + 7b − 20b (ii) − z2 + 13z2 − 5z + 7z3 − 15z (iii) p − (p − q) − q − (q − p) (iv) 3a − 2b − ab − (a − b + ab) + 3ab + b − a (v) 5x2y − 5×2 + 3y x2 − 3y2 + x2 − y2 + 8xy2 −3y2 (vi) (3 y2 + 5y − 4) − (8y − y2 − 4) Answer: (i) 21b − 32 + 7b − 20b …

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NCERT solution class 7 chapter 11 Perimeter and Area exercise 11.3 mathematics

EXERCISE 11.3 Page No 223: Question 1: Find the circumference of the circles with the following radius: (Takeπ) (a) 14 cm (b) 28 mm (c) 21 cm Answer: (a) r = 14 cm Circumference = 2πr  = 88 cm (b) r = 28 mm Circumference = 2πr  = 176 mm (c) r = 21 cm Circumference = 2πr  = 132 cm Question 2: Find …

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NCERT solution class 7 chapter 9 Rational numbers exercise 9.2 mathematics

EXERCISE 9.2 Page No 190: Question 1: Find the sum: (i)  (ii)  (iii)  (iv)  (v)  (vi)  (vii)  Answer: (i) 45+-11  4 = 45-11  4 = 16-5520 = -39   20(ii)  L.C.M of 3 and 5 is 15. (iii)  L.C.M of 10 and 15 is 30. (iv)   L.C.M of 11 and 9 is 99. (v)  L.C.M of 19 and 57 is 57. (vi)  (vii)  =  L.C.M of 3 and 5 is …

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Sanskrit translation of chapter 15 लालनगीतम in hindi class 7

लालनगीतम (क) उदिते सूर्य धरणी विहसति । पक्षी कृजति कमलं विकसति || 1 || अन्वयः – उदिते सूर्य धरणी विहसति । पक्षी कृजति कमलं विकसति । सरलार्थ – सुर्य के निकलने पर प्रथ्वी हसती है (अर्थात् पूरी प्रथ्वी प्रकाशित हो जाती है, पक्षी चहतहाते है , कम्ल खिलता है । ) (ख) नदति मन्दिरे उच्चैर्ढक्का …

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Sanskrit translation of chapter 14 अनारिकायाः जिज्ञासा in hindi class 7

अनारिकायाः जिज्ञासा (क) बालिकाया: अनारिकाया: मनसि सर्वदा महती जिज्ञासा भवति। अत: सा बहून्‌ प्रश्नान्‌ पृच्छति। तस्या: प्रश्न: सर्वेषां बुद्धि: चक्रवत्‌ भ्रमति। प्रात: उत्थाय सा अन्वभवत्‌ यत्‌ तस्या: मनः प्रसन्नं नास्ति। मनोविनोदाय सा भ्रमितुं गृहात्‌ बहि: अगच्छत्‌ |   सरलार्थ – बालिका अनारिका के मन में सदा बड़ी जिज्ञासा रहती है । अतः वह अनेक प्रशन …

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Sanskrit translation of chapter 13 अमृतं संस्कृतम in hindi class 7

अमृतं संस्कृतम (क) विश्वस्य उपलब्धासु भाषासु संस्कृतभाषा प्राचीनतमा भाषास्ति। भाषेयं अनेकाषां भाषाणां जननी मता। प्राचीनयो: ज्ञानविज्ञानयो: निधि: अस्यां सुरक्षित:। संस्कृतस्य महत्त्वविषये केनापि कथितम्‌ – “भारतस्य प्रतिष्ठे द्वे संस्कृतं संस्कृतिस्तथा “।   सरलार्थ – संसार की प्रपत भाषाओं में संस्कृत भाषा प्राचीन (पुरानी) भाषा है । यह भाषा अनेक भाषाओं की माता मानी गई हैं । …

Sanskrit translation of chapter 13 अमृतं संस्कृतम in hindi class 7 Read More »

Sanskrit translation of chapter 12 विद्याधनम् in hindi class 7

विद्याधनम् (क) न चोरहार्य न च राजहाय॑ न भ्रातृभाज्य न च भारकारि । व्यये कृते वर्धत एव नित्य विद्याधनं सर्वधनप्रधानम्‌ || 1 ||   अन्वयः – विद्याधनं सर्वधनप्रधानम्‌ । (एतत्) न चौरहार्यम् न च राजहार्य , न भ्रातृभाज्यम् न च भरकारि । (एतत्) व्यये कृते नित्यं वर्धते एव । सरलार्थ – विद्याधन सभी धनों मे प्रधान …

Sanskrit translation of chapter 12 विद्याधनम् in hindi class 7 Read More »

Sanskrit translation of chapter 11 समवायो हि दुर्जयः in hindi class 7

समवायो हि दुर्जयः (क) पुरा एकस्मिन्‌ वृक्षे एका चटका प्रतिवसति स्म। कालेन तस्या: सन्तति: जाता। एकदा कश्चित्‌ प्रमत्त: गज: तस्य वृक्षस्य अध: आगत्य तस्य शाखां शुण्डेन अत्रोटयत्‌।   सरलार्थ – पहले समय में एक वृक्ष पर एक चिड़िया रहती थी । समय के साथ उसके सन्तान उत्पन्न हुए एकबगर कोइ मस्त हाथी ने उस वृक्ष के …

Sanskrit translation of chapter 11 समवायो हि दुर्जयः in hindi class 7 Read More »

Sanskrit translation of chapter 10 विश्वबन्धुत्वम् in hindi of class 7

विश्वबन्धुत्वम् (क) उत्सवे, व्यसने, दुर्भिक्षे, राष्ट्रविप्लवे, दैनन्दिनव्यवहारे च य: सहायतां करोति सः बन्धु: भवति। यदि विश्वे सर्वत्र एतादृश: भाव: भवेत्‌ तदा विश्वबन्धुत्व सम्भवति। परन्तु अधुना निखिले संसारे कलहस्य अशान्ते: च वातावरणम्‌ अस्ति। मानवा: परस्परं न विश्वसन्ति। ते परस्य कष्टं स्वकीयं कष्टं न गणयन्ति। अपि च समर्था: देशा: असमर्थान्‌ देशान्‌ प्रति उपेक्षाभावं प्रदर्शयन्ति, तेषाम्‌ उपरि स्वकीयं …

Sanskrit translation of chapter 10 विश्वबन्धुत्वम् in hindi of class 7 Read More »

Sanskrit translation of chapter 8 त्रिवर्णः ध्वजः in hindi of class 7

त्रिवर्णः ध्वजः (क) (केचन बालका: काश्चन बालिकाश्च स्वतन्त्रता-दिवसस्य ध्वजारोहणसमारोहे सोत्साहं गच्छन्त: परस्पर सलपन्ति।) देवेश: – अद्य स्वतन्त्रता-दिवस:। अस्मार्क विद्यालयस्य प्राचार्य: ध्वजारोहणं करिष्यति। छात्राश्च सांस्कृतिककार्यक्रमान्‌ प्रस्तोष्यन्ति। अन्ते च मोदकानि मिलिष्यन्ति। डेविड: – शुचे। जानासि त्वम्‌? अस्मार्कं ध्वज: कीदृश:? शुचि: – अस्माकं देशस्य ध्वज: त्रिवर्ण: इति।   सरलार्थ – (कुछ बालक और कुछ बालिकाएँ स्वतंत्रता दिवस के ध्वजारोहन …

Sanskrit translation of chapter 8 त्रिवर्णः ध्वजः in hindi of class 7 Read More »

Sanskrit solution chapter 5 पण्डिता रमाबाइ Class 7 translated in hindi

पण्डिता रमाबाइ (क) स्त्रीशिक्षाक्षेत्रे अग्रगण्या पण्डिता रमाबाइ 1858 तमे ख्रिष्टाब्दे जन्म अलभत । तस्या: पिता अनन्तशास्त्री डोंगरे माता च लक्ष्मीबाई आस्ताम् । तस्मिन् काले स्त्रीशिक्षायाः स्थितिः चिन्तनीया आसीत् । स्त्रीणां कृते संस्कृतशिक्षणं प्रायः प्रचलितं नासीत् । किन्तु डोंगरे रूढिबद्धां धारणां परित्यज्य स्वपत्नीं संस्कृतमध्यापयत् । एतदर्थं सः समाजस्य प्रतारणाम् अपि असहत । सरलार्थ – स्त्रीशिक्षा के क्षेत्र …

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Sanskrit translation of chapter 7 सङ्कल्प: सिंद्धिदायक: in hindi of class 7

सङ्कल्प: सिंद्धिदायक: (क) (पार्वती शिव पतिरूपेण अवाञ्छत्‌। एतदर्थ सा तपस्यां कर्तुम्‌ ऐच्छत्‌। सा स्वकीयं मनोरथं मात्रे न्यवेदयत्‌। तत्‌ श्रुत्वा माता मेना चिन्ताकुला अभवत्‌।) मेना – वत्से! मनीषिता: देवता: गृहे एव सन्ति। तप: कठिनं भवति। तव शरीरं सुकोमलं वर्तते। गृहे एवं वस। अत्रेव तवाभिलाष: सफल: भविष्यति। पार्वती – अम्ब! तादृश: अभिलाष: तु तपसा एव पूर्ण: भविष्यति। …

Sanskrit translation of chapter 7 सङ्कल्प: सिंद्धिदायक: in hindi of class 7 Read More »

NCERT solution class 7 chapter 7 Congruence of Triangles exercise 7.1 mathematics

Exercise 7.1    Exercise 7.2 EXERCISE  7.1 QUESTION 1 Complete the following statements : 1. Two line segments are congruent if _______________. 2. Among two congruent angles, one has a measure of 70∘ , the measure of other angle is _______________. 3. When we write ∠A = ∠B, we actually mean _______________.   Sol : …

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A quality solutionNCERT solution class 7 chapter 6 The Triangle and its Properties exercise 6.5 mathematics

EXERCISE 6.5 QUESTION 1 PQR is a triangle right angled at P . If PQ = 10 cm and PR = 24 cm , find QR Sol : By applying Pythagoras theorem in △PQR, (PQ)2 + (PR)2 = (RQ)2 (10)2 + (24)2 = (RQ)2 100 + 576 = (QR)2 676 = (QR)2 QR = 26 …

A quality solutionNCERT solution class 7 chapter 6 The Triangle and its Properties exercise 6.5 mathematics Read More »

NCERT solution class 7 chapter 6 The Triangle and its Properties exercise 6.3 mathematics

Exercise 6.3 QUESTION 1  Find the value of the unknown x in the following diagrams : The sum of all interior angles of a triangle is 180°. By using this property, these problems can be solved as follows. (i) x + 50° + 60° = 180° x + 110° = 180° x = 180° -110° …

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Translation of chapter 1 The tiny teacher in hindi class 7 english An alien hand

The Tiny Teacher   Though so very small, the ant is unbelievably intelligent and hard-working. Among the various kinds, the commonest ant is black or red. Ants live in comfortable homes called ‘anthills’. NAME the smallest insect you have seen, and the wisest. Is it the fly? No, it isn’t. Is it the mosquito? No, …

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NCERT solution class 7 chapter 6 The Triangle and its Properties exercise 6.2 mathematics

EXERCISE  6.2 QUESTION 1 Find the value of the unknown exterior angle x in the following diagrams: (i) x = 50° + 70° (Exterior angle theorem) x = 120° (ii) x = 65° + 45° (Exterior angle theorem) x = 110° (iii) x = 40° + 30° (Exterior angle theorem) = 70° (iv) x = …

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Sanskrit translation of chapter 6 सदाचार in hindi class 7

सदाचार ( क ) यस्मिन् देशे य आचारः पारम्पर्यक्रमागतः । वर्णानां सान्तरालानां स सदाचारः उच्सते ।।1।। अन्वयः – यस्मिन् देशे वर्णानां सान्तरालानां पारम्पर्यक्रमात् आगतः यः आचारः सः सदाचारः उच्यते । सरलार्थ – जिस देश में सभी वर्गो का तथा वर्गो के बीच आए सभी उपवर्गो का परम्परा क्रम से प्राप्त जो व्यवहार है , वह …

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Sanskrit solution chapter 4 हास्यबालकविसम्मेलनम् Class 7 translated in hindi

हास्यबालकविसम्मेलनम् (हास्य बालकवि सम्मेलन) (क) (विविध-वेशभूषाधारिण: चत्वार बालकव: मञचस्य उपरि उपविष्टा: सन्ति । अध: श्रोतार: हास्यकविताश्रवणाय उत्सुका: सन्ति कोलाहलं च कुर्वन्ति) सरलार्थ – (अनेक प्रकार की वेशभूषा को धारण किए हुए चार बाल कवि मंच पर बैठे हुए हैं । नीचे श्रोता जन हास्य कविताएँ सुनने के लिए उत्सुक हैं तथा वे शोर कर रहे …

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Sanskrit translation of chapter 3 स्वावलम्बबम्‌ in hindi class 7

स्वावलम्बबम्‌ (क) कृष्णमूर्ति: श्रीकण्ठश्च मित्रे आस्ताम्‌। श्रीकण्ठस्य पिता समृद्ध: आसीत। अत: तस्य भवने सर्वविधानि सुख-साधनानि आसन्‌। तस्मिन्‌ विशाले भवने चत्वारिशत्‌ स्तम्भा: आसन्‌। तस्य अष्टादश-प्रकोष्ठेषु पञ्चाशत्‌ गवाक्षा:, चतुश्चत्वारिशत्‌ द्वाराणि, षट्त्रिशत्‌ विद्युत-व्यजनानि च आसन्‌। सरलार्थ- कृष्णमूर्ति और श्रीकण्ठ दो मित्र थे । श्रीकण्ठ के पिता धनी था । इसलिए उसके घर मे सभी प्रकार के सुख के …

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Sanskrit translation of chapter 2 दुर्बुद्धि: विनश्यति in hindi class 7

दुर्बुद्धि: विनश्यति (क) अस्ति मगधदेशे फुल्लोत्पलनाम सर: ‍। तत्र संकटविकटौ हंसैौ निवसत: । कम्बुग्रवनामक: तयो: मित्रम् एक: कूर्म: अपि तत्रैव प्रतिवसति स्म । अथ एकदा धीवरा: तत्र आगच्छन् । ते अकथयन् । ते अकथयन् – “वयं श्व: मत्स्यकूर्मादीन् मारयिष्याम: ।” एतत् श्रुत्वा कूर्म: अवदत् – “मित्रो! किं युवाभ्यां धीवराणां वार्ता श्रुता ? अधुना किम् अहं …

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Sanskrit solution chapter 1 सुभाषितानि Class 7 translated in hindi

सुभाषितानि (क) पृथिव्यां त्रीणि रत्नानि जलमत्रं सुभाषितम् । मूढै: पाषाणखण्डेषु रत्नसंज्ञा विधीयती  ।। 1 ।। सरलार्थ: पृथ्वी पर केवल तीन ही रत्न है। जल, अन्न और मधुर वचन। बुद्धिमान व्यक्ति इनकी समझ रखते है परन्तु मूर्ख लोग पत्थर के टुकड़ों को ही रत्न समझते है। शब्द अर्थ पृथिव्यां पृथ्वी में त्रीणि तीन रत्नानि रत्न जलमन्नं …

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