CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 12 Physical Education 2014 Outside Delhi
Time allowed : 3 hours
Maximum marks: 70
- The question paper contains 26 questions.
- All questions are compulsory.
- Question no. 1 to 11 carry 1 mark each. Answers to these questions should be in approximately 10-20 words each.
- Questions no. 12 to 19 carry 3 marks each. Answers to these questions should be in approximately 30-50 words each.
- Questions no. 20 to 26 carry 5 marks each. Answers to these questions should be in approximately 75-100 words each.
** Answer is not given due to change in the present syllabus
What do you understand by Recreation? ** 
Explain the objectives for Intramurals. 
Objectives of Intramurals :
- To provide opportunities to actively engage in programs and activities promoting an enhanced quality of life.
- To provide opportunities for personal development through leadership, diversity, and teamwork.
- To provide a forum for an education for students, faculty, and staff.
Explain sport environment.** 
Define flat foot. 
A common and usually painless condition, flat feet may occur when the arches don’t develop during childhood. In other cases, flat feet may develop after an injury or from the simple wear-and-tear stresses of age.
What is Swadhyaya in Yogic Niyamas? ** 
What are vitamins? 
Vitamins are compounds found in certain food which are vital to our health and longevity. Our body needs them for growth, function, energy, tissue repair and waste removal. There are two categories of vitamins: water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins. Water-soluble vitamins are vitamin B and C, and fat-soluble vitamins, are vitamins A, D, E and K.
Define acceleration runs. 
Acceleration runs is a special kind of training in which running speed is gradually increased from jogging to striding and finally to sprinting at maximum speed. Each component is about 50 meter long. Its progressive nature reduces the risk of muscles injuries.
What is goal setting? 
Goal setting involves establishing specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time-targeted (S.M.A.R.T) goals. The goal setting theory suggests that an effective tool for making progress is to ensure that participants in a group with a common goal are clearly aware of what is expected from them.
Explain any two factors affecting wellness.** 
Explain any two types of causative factors related to accidents in sports. ** 
Mention any four points to show the importance of yoga. ** 
Explain any two methods for flexibility development. 
- Warm-up before stretching : The very first thing you must do before stretching is a warm up jog, run, or bike to get loose. You don’t have to run or bike that hard or far, but it is good to do at least 20 minutes of warm up before stretching.
- Do dynamic stretching: Dynamic stretching includes motion and is meant to mimic and exaggerate the movements of actual exercise and daily motions.
Explain ethics in sports. ** 
“Games and sports are the best means for attaining fitness.” Justify. ** 
Elucidate the role of media for improvement of positive sports environment.** 
Explain any three techniques of meditation.** 
Explain any three principles of training in brief. 
Three principles of training :
(i) Principle of Overload: The overload principle is a basic sports fitness training concept. It means that in order to improve, athletes must continually work harder as their bodies adjust to existing workouts. Overloading also plays a role in skill learning.
(ii) Principle of Specificity : The principle of specificity states that the more specific a training activity is to a given sport [muscle group, work load, velocity and pattern of movement, body posture, and range of motion] the more it will contribute to increasing performance in that sport.
(iii) Principle of Individualization : This could also be called the snowflake principle, since it highlights that no two climbers—or their optimal conditioning program-are the same. The best training program for a person will target his/her specific weaknesses, address past or present injuries, provide sufficient time for recovery, and be structured to provide the greatest output for the available training input.
Suggest the formation of various committees for systematic and smooth conduct of sports day in your school. 
- Select members who are excited about the project: If you’ve been working with the same committee for years, you may get bored or frustrated with the annual undertaking.
- Clearly define tasks : Progress on your event will come to a halt if your committee members don’t know what to do next. At the end of each planning session, members should know their next steps and the deadlines for completing each task.
- Plan ahead : Send committee members the meeting schedule several weeks in advance so they can clear the time to attend meetings.
- Establish goals and expectations : When someone joins your committee, communicate clearly how much time they should set aside to complete their tasks.
Explain in detail about any five advantages of correct posture.** 
What is the role of various elements of diet on performance of an athlete? 
Eating a balanced diet means choosing a wide variety of foods and drinks from all the food groups. It also means eating certain things in moderation, namely saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, refined sugar, salt and alcohol. The goal is to take in nutrients you need for health at the recommended levels.
- Most of the energy used by the body is provided by the carbohydrate and the fats.
- Proteins build the body and perform the function of repair of damage tissues.
- Minerals and vitamins regulate the functions of the body; they are needed for important chemical reactions taking place in the body.
- Water is present in all tissues of the body and plays an important role in various life processes. For example, digestion, excretion and transport of important materials within the body. It also helps in cellular reactions.
What is endurance? Explain the various methods for its development. 
Endurance refers to the body’s ability to continue using muscular strength and endure repeated contractions for an extended period of time. It is essential in exercise and when doing heavy tasks as it allows the muscles to perform for long periods of time without becoming tired. There are various methods of its development. Some are as follows :
(i) Continuous Training : Continuous training is a type of sports training that involves activity of moderate intensity with a duration of 22. more than 15 minutes with resting intervals. It is the most common type of training and is for 23. maintaining general health and well being. Generally, this type of training is used to prepare 24. the body for sustained workouts such as marathons and triathlons, but can also be effective 25. for more casual athletes. It allows the body to work from its aerobic energy stores to improve ’ overall fitness and endurance. Chief benefits of continuous training include fat burning, muscle building, and increasing maximum aerobic potential.
(ii) Interval training : Interval training involves periods of hard work followed by a timed period of rest, repeated several times in one training session. The periods of hard work are called high intensity activity. Rest can be active (walking, jogging etc). An example of interval training is 10 fast runs over 40 metres, with a two minute rest between each run. Variables to consider during interval training are distance/duration of activity, intensity of activity, duration of rest, activity during rest, number of sets, and frequency of training. By varying any of the variables athletes can be progressively overloaded. This form of training also increases fitness levels for people involved in exercise.
(iii) Fartlek training : Fartlek, which means “speed play” in Swedish, is a training method that blends continuous training with interval training. The variable intensity and continuous nature of the exercise places stress on both the aerobic and anaerobic systems. It differs from traditional interval training in that it is unstructured; intensity and/or speed vaies, as the athlete wishes. Fartlek training can be used to improve both the aerobic and anaerobic systems by mixing moderate activity with bursts of speed.
Write about any four tournaments of the game/ sport of your choice. ** 
Explain any 6 terminologies from the game/ sport of your choice. ** 
Explain any five latest rules from the game/ sport of your choice. ** 
Explain Arjuna Award. ** 
Write about achievements of any three important sports personalities from the game/sport of your choice. ** 
Explain any five common soft tissue injuries in the game/sport of your choice. **