# Exercise 2.5

Question 1

Which is greater?

(i) 0.5 or 0.05 (ii) 0.7 or 0.5 (iii) 7 or 0.7

(iv) 1.37 or 1.49 (v) 2.03 or 2.30 (vi) 0.8 or 0.88

Sol :

(i) 0.5 or 0.05

Converting these decimal numbers into equivalent fractions,

and

It can be observed that both fractions have the same denominator.

As 50 > 5 ,

Therefore , 0.5 > 0.05

(ii) 0.7 or 0.5

Converting these decimal numbers into equivalent fractions,

and

It can be observed that both fractions have the same denominator.

As 7 > 5 ,

Therefore , 0.7 > 0.5

(iii) 7 or 0.7

Converting these decimal numbers into equivalent fractions,

and

It can be observed that both fractions have the same denominator.

As 70 > 7 ,

Therefore , 7 > 0.7

(iv) 1.37 or 1.49

Converting these decimal numbers into equivalent fractions,

and

It can be observed that both fractions have the same denominator.

As 137 < 149 ,

Therefore , 1.37 < 1.49

(v) 2.03 or 2.30

Converting these decimal numbers into equivalent fractions,

and

It can be observed that both fractions have the same denominator.

As 203 < 230 ,

Therefore , 2.03 < 2.30

(vi) 0.8 or 0.88

Converting these decimal numbers into equivalent fractions,

and

It can be observed that both fractions have the same denominator.

As 80 < 88 ,

Therefore , 0.8 < 0.88

Question 2

Express as rupees using decimals:

(i) 7 paise

Sol :

1 rupees = 100 paise

₹ = 1 paise

multiplying both side by 235 , we get

₹ = 7 paise

0.07 ₹ = 7 paise

or 7 paise = 0.07 ₹

**ALTERNATE METHOD**

(i) 7 paise = ₹ = ₹ 0.07

(ii) 7 rupees 7 paise

Sol :

Firstly , we convert 7 paise , then we add it to 7 rupees

1 rupees = 100 paise

₹ = 1 paise

multiplying both sides by 7 , we get

₹ = 7 paise

0.07 ₹ = 7 paise

or 7 paise = 0.07 ₹

= 7 ₹ + 0.07

= 7.07 ₹

**ALTERNATE METHOD**

(ii) 7 rupees 7 paise = 7 ₹ + ₹ = 7.07 ₹

(iii) 77 rupees 77 pasie

Sol :

Firstly , we convert 77 paise , then we add it to 77 rupees

1 rupees = 100 paise

₹ = 1 paise

multiplying both sides by 77 , we get

₹ = 77 paise

0.77 ₹ = 77 paise

or 77 paise = 0.77 ₹

= 77 ₹ + 0.77 ₹

= 77.77 ₹

**ALTERNATE METHOD**

(iii) 77 rupees 77 pasie = 77 ₹ + ₹ = 77.77 ₹

(iv) 50 paise

Sol :

1 rupees = 100 paise

₹ = 1 paise

multiplying both side by 50 , we get

₹ = 50 paise

0.50 ₹ = 50 paise

or 50 paise = 0.50 ₹

**ALTERNATE METHOD**

(iv) 50 paise = ₹ = 0.50 ₹

(v) 235 paise

Sol :

1 rupees = 100 paise

₹ = 1 paise

multiplying both side by 235 , we get

₹ = 235 paise

2.35 ₹ = 235 paise

or 235 paise = 2.35 ₹

**ALTERNATE METHOD**

(v) 235 paise = ₹ = 2.35 ₹

**Notes : There are 100 paise in 1 rupee. Therefore, if we want to convert paise into rupees, then we have to divide paise by 100.**

Question 3

**(i) Express 5 cm in metre and kilometre**

Sol :

(i) 5 cm

5 cm m = 0.05 m

5 cm km = 0.00005 km

**ALTERNATE METHOD**

(i) **Converting 5 cm to m **

1 meter = 100 centimeter

m = 1 cm

multiplying both sides by 5 , we get

m = 5 cm

0.05 m = 5 cm

or 5 cm = 0.05 m

**then converting 0.05 m to km**

1 km = 1000 m

km = 1 m

multiplying both sides by 0.05 , we get

km = 0.05 m

0.00005 km = 0.05 m

or 0.05 m = 0.00005 km

**5 cm = 0.05 m = 0.00005 km**

**(ii) Express 35 mm in cm, m and km**

Sol :

(ii) 35 mm

35 mm cm = 3.5 cm

35 mm m = 0.035 m

35 mm km = 0.000035 km

**ALTERNATE METHOD**

(i) **Converting 35 mm to cm **

1 centimeter = 10 milimeter

cm = 1 mm

multiplying both sides by 35 , we get

cm = 35 mm

3.5 cm = 35 mm

or 35 mm = 3.5 cm

**then converting 3.5 cm to m**

1 meter = 100 centimeter

m = 1 cm

multiplying both sides by 3.5 , we get

m = 3.5 cm

0.035 m = 3.5 cm

or 3.5 cm = 0.035 m

**then converting 0.035 m to km**

1 kilometer = 1000 meter

km = 1 m

multiplying both sides by 0.035 , we get

km = 0.035 m

0.000035 km = 0.035 m

or 0.035 m = 0.000035 km

**35 mm = 3.5 cm = 0.035 m = 0.000035 km**

Question 4

Express in kg:

(i) 200 g

Sol :

(i) 200 g kg = 0.2 kg

**ALTERNATE METHOD**

(i) 200 g

1 kg = 1000 g

kg = 1 g

multiplying both sides by 200 , we get

kg = 200 g

0.200 kg = 200 g

or 200 g = 0.200 kg

(ii) 3470 g

Sol :

(ii) 3470 g kg = 3.470 kg

**ALTERNATE METHOD**

(ii) 3470 g

1 kg = 1000 g

kg = 1 g

multiplying both sides by 3470 , we get

kg = 3470 g

3.470 kg = 3470 g

or 3470 g = 3.470 kg

(iii) 4 kg 8 g

Sol :

(iii) 4 kg 8 g = 4 kg + kg = 4.008 kg

**ALTERNATE METHOD**

(iii) 4 kg 8 g

Firstly , we convert 8 g to kg then add it to 4 kg

1 kg = 1000 g

kg = 1 g

multiplying both sides by 8 , we get

kg = 8 g

0.008 kg = 8 g

or 8 g = 0.008 kg

= 4 kg + 0.008 kg

= 4.008 kg

Question 5

Write the following decimal numbers in the expanded form:

(i) 20.03

Sol :

(ii) 2.03

Sol :

(iii) 200.03

Sol :

(iv) 2.034

Sol :

Question 6

Write the place value of 2 in the following decimal numbers:

(i) 2.56 (ii) 21.37 (iii) 10.25

(iv) 9.42 (v) 63.352

Sol :

(i) Ones (ii) Tens (iii) Tenths (iv) Hundredths (v) Thousandths

Question 7

Dinesh went from place A to place B and from there to place C. A is 7.5 km from B and B is 12.7 km from C. Ayub went from place A to place D and from there to place C. D is 9.3 km from A and C is 11.8 km from D. Who travelled more and by how much?

Sol :

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Distance travelled by Dinesh = AB + BC = (7.5 + 12.7) km

Therefore, Dinesh travelled 20.2 km.

Distance travelled by Ayub = AD + DC = (9.3 + 11.8) km

Therefore, Ayub travelled 21.1 km.

Hence, Ayub travelled more distance.

Difference = (21.1 — 20.2) km

Therefore, Ayub travelled 0.9 km more than Dinesh.

Question 8

Shyama bought 5 kg 300 g apples and 3 kg 250 g mangoes. Sarala bought 4 kg 800 g oranges and 4 kg 150 g bananas. Who bought more fruits?

Sol :

Total fruits bought by Shyama = 5 kg 300 g + 3 kg 250 g

= 8 kg 550 g

= 8.550 kg

Total fruits bought by Sarala = 4 kg 800 g + 4 kg 150 g

= 8 kg 950 g

= 8.950 kg

Sarala bought more fruits.

Question 9

How much less is 28 km than 42.6 km?

Sol :

Therefore, 28 km is 14.6 km less than 42.6 km