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NCERT solution class 7 Social Science chapter 2 Role of the Government in Health

Page No 29:

Question 1:

In this chapter you have read that health is a wider concept than illness. Look at this quote from the Constitution and explain the terms ‘living standard’ and ‘public health’ in your own words.

An important part of Constitution says it is the “duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health.”

Answer:

‘Living standard’ means the condition of the surroundings one lives in. ‘Public health’ refers to the measures which the state and the people take to ensure that all people enjoy a basic minimum level of health.

Question 2:

What are the different ways through which the government can take steps to provide healthcare for all? Discuss.

Answer:

To provide healthcare for all, the government can provide appropriate facilities such as health centers, hospitals, laboratories for testing, ambulance services, blood banks etc. In addition to this, resources such as doctors, nurses, technicians as well as equipment need to be properly channeled.

Question 3:

What differences do you find between private and public health services in you area? Use the following table to compare and contrast these.

Facility

Cost of services

Availability of services

Private

Public

Answer:

Facility

Cost of services

Availability of services

Private

High

Easily available

Public

Low

Available with difficulty

Question 4:

‘Improvement in water and sanitation can control many diseases’. Explain with the help of examples.

Answer:

‘Improvement in water and sanitation can control many diseases.’ This statement is true if we consider the number of water-borne diseases that many people suffer from. Diseases like diarrhea, dysentery, and cholera which cause many deaths can be prevented if clean drinking water is provided and sanitation facilities are looked after.

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