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NCERT solution class 7 Social Science chapter 9 Life in the Temperate Grasslands

Page No 70:

Question 1:

Answer the following questions.

(i) What are the temperate grasslands of North America called?

(ii) What are the cattle farms in the North American grasslands known as?

(iii) Name the rivers that drain the Velds.

(iv) When is the rainy season in the Velds?

(v) What is the major occupation of the people of the South African grasslands?

Answer:

(i) The temperate grasslands of North America are called the Prairies.

(ii) The cattle farms in the North American grasslands are known as ranches.

(iii) The rivers Orange and Limpopo drain the Velds.

(iv) The rainy season in the Velds is from November to February.

(v) The major occupation of the people of the South African grasslands is sheep rearing. Apart from this, dairy farming and mining are the other important occupations of the people of this region.

Question 2:

Tick the correct answer.

(i) River Mississippi drains

(a) Canada(b) Africa(c) USA

(ii) Drakensberg Mountains are to the west of

(a) Prairies(b) Velds(c) Pampas

(iii) Merino is a species of

(a) fish(b) elephant(c) sheep

(iv) Kimberley is famous for

(a) diamonds(b) silver(c) platinum

Answer:

(i) River Mississippi drains

(a) Canada(b) Africa(c) USA

(ii) Drakensberg Mountains are to the west of

(a) Prairies(b) Velds(c) Pampas

(iii) Merino is a species of

(a) fish(b) elephant(c) sheep

(iv) Kimberley is famous for

(a) diamonds(b) silver(c) platinum

Question 3:

Match the following.

(i) Cowboys(a) Iron and Steel
(ii) Gold(b) Prairies
(iii) Kudu(c) Hot wind
(iv) Chinook(d) Velds
(v) Coal(e) Johannesburg

(f) Animal

Answer:

(i) Cowboys(b) Prairies
(ii) Gold(e) Johannesburg
(iii) Kudu(f) Animal
(iv) Chinook(c) Hot wind
(v) Coal(a) Iron and Steel

Question 4:

Give reasons.

(i) The Prairies are known as the ‘Granaries of the world’.

(ii) Rise of wool industry in the Velds.

Answer:

(i) Scientific methods of cultivation and the use of tractors, harvesters and combines have made North America a surplus food producer. The Prairies are called the ‘Granaries of the world’ due to the huge production of wheat in this region.

(ii) Sheep rearing is the most-important occupation in the Velds. Sheep is bred mainly for wool, and has given rise to the wool industry in the Velds.

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