## EXERCISE 1.2

#### Page No 8:

#### Question 1:

State whether the following statements are true or false. Justify your answers.

(i) Every irrational number is a real number.

(ii) Every point on the number line is of the form, where *m* is a natural number.

(iii) Every real number is an irrational number.

#### Answer:

(i) True; since the collection of real numbers is made up of rational and irrational numbers.

(ii) False; as negative numbers cannot be expressed as the square root of any other number.

(iii) False; as real numbers include both rational and irrational numbers. Therefore, every real number cannot be an irrational number.

#### Question 2:

Are the square roots of all positive integers irrational? If not, give an example of the square root of a number that is a rational number.

#### Answer:

If numbers such asare considered,

Then here, 2 and 3 are rational numbers. Thus, the square roots of all positive integers are not irrational.

#### Question 3:

Show howcan be represented on the number line.

#### Answer:

We know that,

And,

Mark a point ‘A’ representing 2 on number line. Now, construct AB of unit length perpendicular to OA. Then, taking O as centre and OB as radius, draw

an arc intersecting number line at C.

C is representing.