Page No 67:
1. Which country or countries do you think the Northland refers to?
2. What did Saint Peter ask the old lady for? What was the ladys reaction?
3. How did he punish her?
4. How does the woodpecker get her food?
5. Do you think that the old lady would have been so ungenerous if she had known who Saint Peter really was? What would she have done then?
6. Is this a true story? Which part of this poem do you feel is the most important?
7. What is a legend? Why is this poem called a legend?
8. Write the story of A Legend of the Northland in about ten sentences.
1. The Northland could refer to any extremely cold country in the Earth’s north polar region, such as Greenland, the northern regions of Russia, Canada, Norway etc.
2. Saint Peter asked the old lady for one of her baked cakes to satisfy his hunger. The lady tried to bake a small cake for the saint.
3. He punished the lady by changing her into a woodpecker that built as birds do and gathered scanty food by boring in the hard, dry wood all day long.
4. The woodpecker gets her food by boring holes into trees.
5. No, the old lady would not have been so ungenerous if she had known who Saint Peter really was. Instead, she would have tried to please him with her cakes for the fulfilment of her greedy desires.
6. No, this not a true story; it is a legend.
I feel that the point in the story where the old lady is changed into a woodpecker is the most important. This is because the punishment meted out to the lady teaches us the value of generosity and charity.
7. A legend is an old traditional and popular story that is considered to be historical but its authenticity is not attested.
This poem is a curious and conventional story narrated to the children of the Northland. Besides that, the story’s authenticity cannot be verified owing to the supernatural element present at the end of tale. Thus, the poem can be called a legend.
8. Once Saint Peter stopped by an old lady’s cottage because he was feeling hungry and weak after the day’s fasting. The lady was baking cakes on the hearth. When Saint Peter asked her for one of her cakes, she tried to make a tiny cake for him. But as it was baking, she found it too large to be given away. She tried baking two more times but even the smallest of cakes seemed too large to her. Such greedy behaviour of the lady annoyed the hungry saint. He cursed her saying that she was far too selfish to be a human, to have food, shelter and fire to keep her warm. Thus, she was transformed into a woodpecker. All her clothes except her scarlet cap were gone as she went up the chimney and flew out of the top. Every country schoolboy is said to have seen her in the forest, boring into the wood for food till date.
1. Lets look at the words at the end of the second and fourth lines, viz., snows and clothes, true and you, below and know. We find that snows rhymes with clothes, true rhymes with you and below rhymes with know.
Find more such rhyming words.
2. Go to the local library or talk to older persons in your locality and find legends in your own language. Tell the class these legends.
1. A few rhyming words used in the poem are:
Earth and hearth
Done and one
Lay and away
Flat and that
Myself and shelf
Faint and saint
Form and warm
Food and wood
Word and bird
Same and flame
2. Once my grandfather told me a legend about the great Sufi poet Kabir Das’s last rites. There is some dispute among the Hindus and Muslims whether Kabir was born in a Muslim weaver family or as a Hindu Brahmin. Likewise, at the time of his death, Hindus and Muslims fought among themselves for the right to perform his last rites. It is said that when they lifted his shroud, they found nothing but flowers, which they distributed among themselves. Thus, even after his death, Kabir delivered his message to humanity that God is one. Accordingly, his Mazar and Samadhi were constructed side by side.
(A model answer has been provided for students’ reference. It is strongly recommended that students conduct a research on their own and prepare the answer based on it.)